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Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. These teeth can be a valuable asset to the mouth, if there are healthy and correctly aligned. However, during their growth, they are misaligned and needed to be removed.
For most people, wisdom teeth aren't visible because they have become impacted under the gingival tissue.
An impacted tooth is a tooth enclosed within the soft tissue or the jawbone or only partially break through or erupt through the gum. This impacted wisdom tooth give an opening for bacteria to enter and cause an infection which results in pain, swelling, stiffness of the jaw and general illnesses. When this happens to your tooth, they are prone to tooth decay and gum disease because their hard-to-reach location and awkward positioning makes brushing and flossing difficult.
How can you tell if your wisdom tooth requires extraction?
Not all wisdom teeth need extraction. If the tooth erupts cleanly through the tissue, without compromising the adjacent tooth, it can be retained in the mouth with little concern as long as you are able to brush, floss and clean it thoroughly.
When should you get your wisdom tooth extracted?
Extraction is needed if the tooth has partially erupted through the gingival tissue, causing inflammation or infection. In some cases, a soft-tissue grows over the partially erupted tooth, referred to as operculum. If bacteria is trapped under the operculum, an infection called pericoronitis can develop. Pericoronitis is an inflammation of the gums and it is a sign that you need get your wisdom extracted. Symptoms of this infection include:
What should I expect post-surgery?
After surgery, the speed of your recovery depends on the degree of difficulty of the extraction. In general, here's what to expect during the first 24 hours.
After 24 hours
If your case is specific, your dentist with tell you what to expect.
What are the potential risks or complications following surgery?
It's only on a rare occasion that complications rise after surgically removing your wisdom teeth. They are:
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Dr. Alexander Yeh and Dr. Iyad Al-Qishawi are registered general dentists. They graduated in the same class at the University of Manitoba’s Faculty of Dentistry.
Edmonton Emergency Dental Services:
Pain and infection relief
Phone: 587 410 5766
Address: Suite #110 4445 Calgary Trail Southbound NW, Edmonton, AB T6H5R7